The Skull of Velociraptor (Thomas Vandenberghe, Wikimedia)

The Skull of Velociraptor (Thomas Vandenberghe, Wikimedia)

One of the stars of Jurassic Park, Velociraptor is famous name. But the real Velociraptor has very little in common with the one from the movie. It was half the size in real life and was covered in feathers.

But it was a deadly predator. In 1971 a Velociraptor was found intertwined with another dinosaur called Protoceratops and it seems that both were buried alive as the Velociraptor struggled to kill its prey.

Discovery: It was found in the 1920’s in an expedition to Mongolia. Velociraptor was named by Osborn in 1924.

Height: 1m

Length: 1.8m

Weight: 7-15kg

Where it lived: Fossils are found today in the Gobi Desert in Mongolia and China.

When it lived: Between 80-70 million years ago, in the Cretaceous.

What it ate: Whatever it could get its hands on. It was a meat-eater and there is evidence of it hunting other dinosaurs. One has even been found with a pterosaur bone in its stomach which palaeontologists believe points to scavenging.

Weapon of choice: Velociraptor was well armed. Its mouth had up to 80 sharp teeth each about 2.5cm long. It was intelligent, as smart as a dinosaur got but nowhere near as smart as an intelligent mammal.

Its weapon of choice was its 9cm long claw, one on each foot, which may have been used to cut veins of larger prey or pin down small prey. Used alongside its high speed running, Velociraptor was a deadly predator.

Weakness: Velociraptor was a killing machine but its jaw was relatively weak, and it was very small. It may have been smart and fast enough to avoid the bigger predators, but the larger plant eaters were too big for it to hunt.